The original Central Asian countries Kyrgyzstan, which has natural beauties like high mountain with seven thousanders belongs. The country became independent in 1991 from the former Soviet Union and has, due to the natural beauty of a great tourist potential. Especially adventurers and outdoor enthusiasts will find the Central Asian travel destination many attractions. Alone, the infrastructure needs to be expanded in the future. Kyrgyzstan is a traditional land of nomads, which has a few urban traditions. The mountainous landlocked country has approximately 5.5 million inhabitants. Around one in five lives in the capital Bishkek in the north on the border with Kazakhstan. The vibrant metropolis is the cultural center of the country with some attractions and museum facilities. Around the main square Ala-Too, the capital has grown as a planned city in the 20th century immensely.
The nearby Kyrgyz mountains as a natural border with Kazakhstan is nearly five thousand meters high. The National Park Ala-Archa is a natural beauty in the North. Among the big cities of the country also Cholpon Ata and Karakol on the shore of Issyk Kul include in northeastern Kyrgyzstan. The Issyk Kul Lake is the largest lake in the country and part of a nature reserve. Around 50 kilometers from the border with Tajikistan Osh is a major trading center, which is around 3,000 years old according to traditions. The Metropole is one of the most colorful cities in the country and was among others part of the Russian Empire. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is the holy mountain Suleiman-Too in Osh. The mountain is sacred in Muslim pilgrims. Crossed here by way of Silk Road. Among the natural attractions of the country, the Tien Shan mountain range belongs to the border with China. Here the seven thousand Jengish Chokusu perched on the mountainous region. The five peaks on Jengish Chokusu represent a particular challenge for international climbers.
The Kyrgyz Republic is located in Central Asia and has a continental climate. Large parts of the single State are plateaus with adjacent mountain ranges such as the Tien Shan mountain range on the border with China. Among the neighboring countries of Kyrgyzstan are Kazakhstan to the north and northeast, Uzbekistan to the west and northwest and Tajikistan in the south and southwest. The land area covers 198,500 square kilometers. In addition to Kyrgyz, Uzbeks and Russians live as minorities in the country.
There were conflicts in the recent past between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks. Around two-thirds of the people are Sunni Muslims, the well into the 20th century lived traditionally nomadic. The capital, Bishkek, is an old caravan station in the north of the country has about one million inhabitants. The capital and the international airport is located at 800 meters on the edge of the Kyrgyz mountain range as part of the high mountains of Tien Shan. The Tian Shan mountain range stretches across various countries like Kyrgyzstan, China, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. To the northeast is the second largest mountain lake Issyk Kul of the world. The nature reserve has become a recreation area for the Soviet period and is home to the city of Karakol. The city is the starting point for hikers and mountain climbers who want to explore the Tien Shan Mountains. To the southeast of Osh is the largest trading center on Suleiman Mountain.
In the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek mosques include how the Orthodox Church Dschibek Dscholu to attractions. The multicultural city with the central square Ala-Too has many hotels and restaurants and tourist attractions, including the Osh Bazaar. From German prisoners of Bishkek railway station was built in the early postwar period. Worth seeing in the former Russian military metropolis are the Historical Museum Bishkek and the State Art Museum.
Also worth seeing is the White House in the center of the capital, which serves as the seat of government. In the northeastern city of Karakol, the Russian Orthodox Church, which was built in the early 20th century, and the mosque of the Dungan are worth seeing. The Dungan are a Muslim Chinese minority who traditionally live in Central Asia. In southern Osh especially the sacred Suleiman Mountain is worth seeing as a place of pilgrimage. Among the special structures of the country, the fortress Tash-Rabat pass on Torugart is one in the south. Here the ball passes over the border to the autonomous region of Xinjiang in China. The old stronghold by the Torugart Pass is over a thousand years old and was a fortress, which was known since the times of Genghis Khan. Caravans found here Security and a reloading point for goods.
Kyrgyzstan attracts mainly trekking enthusiasts and climbers who are still exploring original mountain worlds here. One of the new long-distance trails in the country, the hundreds of thousands of Russian tourists every year, is the Kyrgyzstan Trail, which runs near the town of Karakol. The long-distance footpath runs through the Issyk Kul region with its stunning mountain ranges.
The Issyk Kul Region in the northeast at the borders with Kazakhstan and China belongs to the high mountains of the Tian Shan to the most wanted regions with climbers and hikers. The mighty mountains of the region on the border with China with seven thousand a paradise for adventurous climbers. For mountain bikers and hikers the Ala-Archa National Park is popular, which is about 40 kilometers away from Bishkek. The high Alpine National Park is reminiscent of rugged alpine regions and is approximately 200 square kilometers in size. Three large main routes run through the National Park, where in recent years, some accommodations have arisen. Many Berliners come to the national park on weekends, to undertake to hiking, climbing or horse riding.