Kyrgyzstan is currently plagued by serious unrest. Or does it mean Kyrgyzstan? In German, circulating more than one name for the Central Asian republic. Which is correct?
According to the Foreign Ministry called the ex-Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan, in the media Kyrgyzstan is the more common variant. In addition, the name Kyrgyzstan is to be read. The official version reads Kyrgyz Republic. So called the Kyrgyz Embassy in Berlin the home state. Correctly are noisy Central Asia experts all designations. However, there are subtle differences in political importance. Kyrgyzstan was consistently in Soviet times: it is the Germanization of the Russian Kirgisija.
The land of the Kyrgyz
After the collapse of the Soviet Union the national consciousness revived. The people remembered his Turkic roots. The capital, named so far Frunze after the Soviet General Mikhail Vasilyevich Frunze – got its original name back Bishkek. And from Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan was or Kyrgyzstan: Kyrgyz stands for the Kyrgyz people, the suffix -stan or -istan means in the Turkic languages as well as in the Persian country.
Whether or Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan depends on transcription. “There’s no point difference,” says Nikolai Genov, a professor at the Eastern Institute of the Freie Universität Berlin. However Kyrgyzstan is, according to Thomas Loy from Central Asian Studies at the Humboldt University Berlin closer to the notion that use the Kyrgyz themselves.
Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyzstan often or Kyrgyzstan; Kyrgyz Кыргызстан Kyrgysstan; officially the Kyrgyz Republic, Kyrgyz Кыргыз Республикасы Kyrgys Respublikasy, Russian Киргизская Республика Kirgisskaja Respublika) is a landlocked country with approximately 5.5 million inhabitants in Central Asia. It is bordered on the north by Kazakhstan (1113 km), on the southeast by China (1048 km), on the south by Tajikistan (972 km) and to the west by Uzbekistan (1374 km). The capital is Bishkek.
The name qirqiz or Kyrgyz probably dates from the 8th century n. Chr. The present-day Kyrgyz are originally from the Siberian Yenisei Valley, from where they migrated as a result of the spread of the Mongols in the current settlement area. The Kyrgyz believe that their people name kirkkyz the term (“forty girls”) descended and they themselves were descendants of forty tribes.  Today, he lives much of the Kyrgyz in the Republic named after them, but there are larger Kyrgyz minorities in China , Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
In German prevailed since the 19th century the name before Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Киргизия / Kirgisija accordingly. Recently, in contrast, the earlier win rarer names Kyrgyzstan and Kyrgyzstan  on the ground, both derivatives of Kyrgyz country name Кыргызстан (transliteration: Kyrgyzstan, this has also prevailed in the English use). This is a formation with a native of the Persian suffix – (i) stan, as is common with other Turkic-speaking countries in the region